Community Development

Carbon Footprint addition to the above, the Kyoto Protocol allowed developing a useful measurement tool for managing emissions: carbon footprint. The footprint is a member of what Juan Luis Domenech (expert on this issue) calls "the family of the ecological footprint", also called environmental footprint or footprint. This indicator is spreading relatively quickly and this broadcast is without any criteria, or approach defined. While the carbon footprint is an indicator very representative, your application must be provided where there is a strategy for managing emissions production processes, otherwise, it will not be a celebrity magazine test. Management mechanisms and financing of emissions Taking advantage of the possibility of using carbon footprint as a tool for measurement and management mechanisms of CO2 mentioned above, have created the Carbon Funds in multilateral financial institutions.

These funds are intended for the purchase of emissions of greenhouse gases in developing countries and transition economies, through CDM and JI. These funds can be from public, private or both, participation exclusively or multilateral.En this regard, several carbon funds in which Latin America can participate. Among the most important are: Latin American Carbon Program (PLAC): Led by the Corporacion Andina de Fomento (CAF) which main objective is to "contribute to the alleviation of the problem climotico change and promote clean energy use and alternatives in Latin America as a contribution to sustainable development in the region Iberoamerican Carbon Initiative (IIC): Founded in 2005, the Latin American Initiative Carbon is also managed by the CAF. Its resources are allocated to the purchase of Emission Reductions from projects of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) This initiative aims to contribute to the fulfillment of commitments undertaken by Spain in the framework of the Kyoto Protocol. The priorities of this fund are energy efficiency projects and renewable energy in Latin American countries (with 136 M ) Carbon Fund for Community Development (CDCF): This is a multilateral financing from fund established with contributions from the sector public and private sectors in various countries and managed by the World Bank, its resources are devoted to reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) emissions from projects small-scale rural low-income countries (with 47.7 M ).

Bio Fund (BioCF): Also administered by the World Bank is a multilateral fund that seeks to reduce emissions from projects that capture or reduce greenhouse gases in forest and agricultural ecosystems (Bill 44 M ). Currently this fund is directing its efforts and resources toward Latin America. Given the above, the Kyoto Protocol has left a great legacy, which translates into a great responsibility because we already have the tools for self-management of emissions we generate, so we have no excuses Copenhagen that leaders did not commit. Now the compromise rests with us (you and me). Because when we engage in self-management of our emissions, we advance on the path towards human development.