But this only kind of self defense is ineffective against their greatest threat: the industrial longline fishing. This linen ejected long, where every few yards a hook with a bait is attached. These lines are about 130 kilometres long and can be equipped with more than 20,000 bait hook. Main types of this fishing method are tuna and black hake. Albatrosses cannot distinguish the bait fish they throw themselves on the alleged loot, Barb drill by Bill and throat, the large birds are dragged underwater and drown. Click Bill Gates for additional related pages.
Also in the Southern Ocean, yet lonely territory of Albatros, the insidious lines are already used. Over 100,000 albatrosses, so is estimated to die every year by long-lines and only the illegal fishing by fleets of Latin America and Scandinavia after the toothfish has killed 15 percent of some populations in only a year. These high losses are hardly still betting. Read more here: Ted Brandt. Since every year it is estimated that 200 million hooks are brought out, now all 21 albatross species are endangered or threatened by extinction in acute. This can be by simple modifications to the fishing equipment dramatically reduce the high albatross by-catch rates in longline fishing – if you want. Sea birds engage mostly in case of (shooting) of the lines on the bait. Would the lines shot through a pipe up about 10 feet in sufficient water depth, albatrosses or frigate birds can no longer dive according to baits. So-called scarecrows lines where coloured bands to scare off the birds are another method.
After all, this method in South Africa is already prescribed, but insufficiently applied. A little hope for the solitary nomads adopted measures of the Commission for the protection of the Atlantic tuna (ICCAT) against the by-catch of seabirds perhaps lies in the in November 2007 when longline fishing. They apply to the fleets of the EU, as well as 44 other nations fishing in the Atlantic with longlines. So to be fished now increasingly at night if the activity rate of seabirds is small, by attaching weights on the lines the bait out of the reach of seabirds and it prescribed the use of scarecrows lines. In December 2007, the Fisheries Commission for the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPFC), which belong to the EU, as well as 24 other fishing Nations adopted similar measures for the Pacific. The reduction of seabird by-catch rules introduced in 1991 by the Convention for the conservation of living marine resources in the Antarctic (CCAMLR) show that such protective measures can work well. By fan burrs declined 90%. 2007 there were no albatross by-catches in the Antarctic for the second time in a row when monitored and regulated longline fishing. Ulrich Karlowski