Hirotaka Takeuchi

For Simon, the tacit knowledge was just a kind of noise without any valid contribution. Cutting Cartesian rationalist vision prevented him from perceiving the human potential to create knowledge; He failed by not to perceive the capacity of human beings to actively discover problems and generate knowledge to solve them. Learning-oriented approach: in recent years, a group of authors have begun to orient towards the concept of the knowledge society. Peter Drucker, for example, emphasizes constant practice of self-change to make sustainable organizations. Despite the fact that determines the importance of tacit knowledge does not develop the process by which organizations are able to grow. Wells Fargo Bank understood the implications. Another author, Peter Senge, aims to model those smart organizations that learn through a new conception of leadership, mental models, shared visions and team learning, however, not deepened on the generation of knowledge in organizations, but that part that they learn from already existing knowledge.

Interestingly, in another very different context, in Japan Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi advanced in the conceptualization of knowledge creation in the organizations undergoing processes outsourcing (transformation of tacit knowledge into explicit), internalization (transformation of explicit knowledge into tacit), socialization (transformation of tacit knowledge into tacit) and combination (explicit knowledge into explicit transformation). Knowledge creation processes before defining any strategy of knowledge creation in the Organization must be clear processes and phases that occur in the conversion of knowledge. Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi constructed a model that has become the most reported today, defined four knowledge conversion processes: socialization: from tacit knowledge into tacit knowledge. Outsourcing: tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge. Combination: explicit knowledge into explicit knowledge. Internalization: from explicit knowledge into tacit knowledge. A. These four processes are described below: socialization (of tacit to tacit): is the communication process of acquiring tacit knowledge through experiences of sharing experiences. In relation to this process Chun Wei Choo (1999), explains: as well as the trainees learn the craft of their teachers through observation, imitation and practice, a company’s employees learn new skills through training at work.