Panelevozy divided into spinal, cassette, platform and a forward frame. Platform panelevozy – vysokoramnye, others – low. Transport position of wall panels shall be vertical or inclination to the vertical, no more than 8-10 degrees. It is preferred to a vertical position, since the slope of the forces acting perpendicular to the plane of the panels are not designed for the perception such efforts. These pressures affect the safety of transported panels, especially in transport to bad road conditions. Transportation panel with a slope leading to cracking, chipping and other defects. By Design spinal panelevozy represent the spatial support frame trapezoidal cross section, which is assembled from rolled or bent shapes. Installation of cargo on the cap panelevoz carried out at an angle of 10.8 degrees to the vertical load board.
The main ridge dostoistvom panelevozov is a small loading height, which greatly simplifies the handling work. However, these panelevozy require symmetrical loading cargo sites, it causes the complexity of the simultaneous transport of an odd number of panels and the carriage panels of different masses. In addition, in some cases carried panels exposed to dirt and require additional costs for cleaning. One of the varieties are panelevozov plitovozy. Spinal panelevozy most appropriate to use for transport distances of 30 km. Cassette panelevozy have bearing lateral forms, which play the same role of the fence, which is located between the cargo area. Panel on cassette panelevozah arranged vertically, thus ensuring their most safe delivery compared with delivery to spinal panelevozah. Are considered more versatile cluster panelevozy, they can carry an even or odd number of panels of different masses, as well as Other products and goods of their dimensions and weight, not exceeding the size of the cargo area and load panelevoza.
The disadvantages of cluster panelevozov include greater heights of panels with loading, which slightly increases the time spent on loading and unloading. Cassette panelevozy most appropriate to use for transportation at a distance of over 30 km. Consider the example panelevoza universal cassette-type, which is designed to carry concrete panels up to 6.5 meters long, 3 meters high and weighing up to 9 tons. It consists of a chassis, axles with wheels, springs and brakes, two holders and the two dividers, supporting devices, electrical equipment, pneumatic equipment, machinery spare wheel lift, decking and railing fencing. Rama trailer is a welded construction of two Plane trusses interconnected the front and rear pads, and the middle part of the cross members and forming the tape, which accommodates transported goods. Front and rear area are covered with tape on top of corrugated steel. K upper belts cassette from the outside welded horizontal beams that serve as place holders bearing linkage mounting panels, as well as bridges for loading and unloading. On top They are mounted side rails – rails. At panelevoze has two holders: right and left. Each consists of three sliding mechanisms, the combined beam and bars. Pull-out mechanisms to ensure the movement beam-holder without sliding on the pavement.